What Is In Aloe Vera?


Detailed information showing you exactly what is in Aloe Vera that makes it such a potent healing force!

While doing research on what is in Aloe Vera, I found out quite interestingly, that the content of the Aloe Vera leaf is just 0.5 – 1.5% solid, with an average pH value of 4.55!

This solid material contains over 75 different nutrients including vitamins, minerals, enzymes, sugars, anthraquinones or phenolic compounds, lignin, saponins, sterols, amino acids and salicylic acid.

No other natural product contains so many elements beneficial to the body.

Here you’ll find a detailed breakdown and description of what’s in Aloe Vera and how the different constituents of Aloe Vera all work together to make it such a force for good!
Here is a list of what is in Aloe Vera:

  • Amino Acids
  • Anthraquinones
  • Enzymes
  • Hormones
  • Lignin
  • Salicylic Acid
  • Saponins
  • Sterols
  • Vitamins
  • Minerals
  • Sugars

Unto a detailed description of what’s in Aloe Vera:

What Is In Aloe Vera?

1. Amino Acids

Aloe Vera contains 19 of the 20 amino acids required by the human body for good health. The human body however produces only 12 of these. The 8 outstanding amino acids – known as ‘essential‘ amino acids – required by the human body have to be taken in as food and drink.

Aloe Vera contains 7 of the 8 ‘essential’ amino acids:

  • Isoleucine
  • Leucine
  • Lysine
  • Methionine
  • Phenylalanine
  • Threonine
  • Valine

The 12 ‘non-essential’ amino acids contained in Aloe Vera are:

  • Alanine
  • Arginine
  • Asparagine
  • Cysteine
  • Glutamic Acid
  • Glycine
  • Histidine
  • Proline
  • Serine
  • Tyrosine
  • Glutamine
  • Aspartic Acid


Amino acids are the basic building blocks of proteins in the production of muscle tissue. The missing ‘essential’ Amino acid is Tryptophan, which some researchers today actually claim is among the Amino acids contained in Aloe Vera. Either way i’m sure you agree with me that 19 out of 20 is another excellent score for Aloe Vera!

What Is In Aloe Vera?

2. Anthraquinones

Aloe Vera contains 12 anthraquinones:

  • Aloe Emodin
  • Aloetic Acid
  • Aloin
  • Anthracine
  • Antranol
  • Barbaloin
  • Chrysophanic Acid
  • Emodin
  • Ethereal Oil
  • Ester of Cinnamonic Acid
  • Isobarbaloin
  • Resistannol

These 12 Phenolic compounds are found exclusively in the sap of the Aloe Vera plant. In small quantities, when they do not exert their purgative effect, they aid absorption from the gastro-intestinal tract and have anti-microbial and pain killing effects.

Anthraquinones also provide anti-bacterial, anti-fungal and anti-viral activity. In high concentrations on their own they can be toxic, but they are not toxic within the complex environment of the Aloe Vera plant.

What Is In Aloe Vera?

3. Enzymes

Aloe Vera contains 8 enzymes:

  • Aliiase
  • Alkaline Phosphatase
  • Amylase
  • Carboxypeptidase
  • Catalase
  • Cellulase
  • Lipase
  • Peroxidase

These enzymes contained in Aloe Vera help the breakdown of food sugars and fats aiding digestion and enhancing nutrient absorbtion.

One in particular, Bradykinase, helps to reduce excessive inflammation when applied to the skin topically and therefore reduces pain, whereas others help digest any dead tissues in wounds. Lipases and proteases which break down foods and aid digestion are also present.

What Is In Aloe Vera?

4. Hormones

Aloe Vera contains 2 hormones:

  • Auxins
  • Gibberellins

These hormones provide wound healing & anti-inflammatory activity.

Giberellin, in Aloe Vera acts as a growth hormone stimulating the growth of new cells.

What Is In Aloe Vera?

5. Lignin

Lignin is a Cellulose based substance, which provides penetrating power in Aloe Vera skin preparations and acts as a carrier for other components of Aloe Vera.

Lignin takes the soothing properties of Aloe Vera down to damaged skin areas where it strips the toxic materials, increases the blood circulation to the area and flushes the dead tissue away. It is also keratolytic meaning it destroys and softens hard skin.

What Is In Aloe Vera?

6. Salicylic Acid

Aloe Vera contains Salicylic Acid which is an Aspirin like compound that works as a pain killer. It possesses anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties.

What Is In Aloe Vera?

7. Saponins

Saponins which are Glycosides form about 3% of what’s in Aloe Vera gel. They are soapy substances which provide cleansing and antiseptic activity.

They act powerfully as anti-microbials against bacteria, viruses, fungi and yeasts.

What Is In Aloe Vera?

8. Sterols

Aloe Vera contains 4 main plant steroids:

  • Cholesterol
  • Campesterol
  • Lupeol
  • ß Sitosterol

These are anti-inflammatory agents. Lupeol also possesses antiseptic and analgesic properties

You’ve read my what is Aloe Vera article haven’t you?

Continue on to the next page for the second part of what is in Aloe Vera… What Vitamins are in Aloe Vera? …there you’ll find even more detailed information on the powerful blend of Vitamins, Minerals and Sugars contained in Aloe Vera that make it… The Natural Healer indeed!

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